05-25-2019 How to Hide an Empire: a history of the greater United States by Daniel Immerwahr

The American Empire didn't begin with Dodo doo-doo, but avian excrement was a prime mover in the expansion of the land controlled by the United States over the many years since our bloody separation from the British Empire. This book is a most astonishing examination of the history of America as a fledgling Republic and it's growth as an empire. The term "empire" and its derivations are usually used in a pejorative sense, and rightly so, but the results of the births and deaths of empires is not necessarily a bad thing. From the history of Daniel Boone and his squatting on the land of George Washington (as George viewed it) to the changing nature of empire from possessing landmass to possessing technical superiority after WW II, Immerwahr takes us down historical paths that most of us were never fully aware existed at all. This book does not read like a dry historical textbook. It is interesting, funny, evocative and contains many, " I had no idea," moments. For example, the inventor of synthetic ammonia, Fritz Haber, a German Jew, saved many from starvation, as his discovery made possible the use of readily available fertilizer to nourish the depleted growing lands all over the world. It also killed the old fertilizer market (see Dodo doo-doo). He also invented poison gas and personally supervised its first use at the Battle of Ypres. He saved the world from starvation and invented weapons of mass destruction. He also invented a promising pesticide called Zyklon-A. In it's slightly modified form, Zyklon-B, it was used to kill many of Haber's relatives in any number of places in Nazi Germany. This, by the way, was a sidebar to the importance of the United States declaring several hundred islands, mostly in the Pacific, to be the property of the US because of that valuable excrement. They lost some importance as a result of artificial fertilizers, but we still "owned" them when satellite communications and positioning of military hardware became important in the post-WW II world. Why is English the unofficial language of the world? Why do we stubbornly cling to empirical standards of weight, distance, and temperature when most of the rest of the world does it all with the metric system? Why is the bolt you buy in your local Ace Hardware compatible with the nut you ordered from Poland? Why do we go when the light turns green and why are all stop signs all over the world red? The answers to these and many more questions you didn't even know you had are here for the taking. It's a fun, informative, and full of ah-ha moments kind of book. No doo-doo.

11-23-2018 Rising Out of Hatred: the awakening of a former white nationalist by Eli Saslow

David Duke, as a caterpillar, was a sheet-wearing, Nazi-admiring Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan. As a butterfly, he was a three-piece-suit-wearing political candidate who was elected to the House of Representatives from Louisiana, and very nearly became the Governor of that state. Despite the outward change, the philosophy remained the same. Don Black was Duke's successor as Grand Dragon, and they became lifelong friends. Eventually, Don Black married David Duke's ex-wife and they had a son they named Derek. Derek's godfather was David Duke. It was in this environment that Derek grew. Don was an early user of digital communication to gather followers for his white nationalist discussion forum website, Stormfront, the first major racial hate site on the Internet. Derek created pages on the website directed at young people. Derek was a featured speaker at gatherings of like-minded people who generally referred to themselves as White Nationalists. This book is the story of Derek Black, perceived crown prince of the alt-right, and his transition from being the successor to the legacy of David Duke, Don Black, Stormfront, and the father-son radio show broadcast from WPBR in Florida, to pretty much the opposite world view. He eventually was persuaded with logic and facts provided by people he normally marginalized, but who became his friends, that his life had not only aroused disgust in people, it also engendered fear and trepidation. He had caused real harm. By publicly renouncing his former worldview, he shredded the fabric of his family life, and made enemies of his former friends and associates. He points out that he and his former associates were ecstatic at the rhetoric that began to grow during the infancy of the presidential campaign of 2016. White Nationalism as practiced today doesn't mean sheets and swastikas, it's as attractive as a lemon meringue pie, except that under the meringue is a pan full of maggots and scorpions. There are people who will think this a gourmet's delight and there always will be. Derek Black's advice: don't buy the pie. 

11-02-2018 Barking to the Choir: the power of racial kinship by Greg Boyle 

Missing from the author's name above are the letter, S.J. Greg Boyle is a Jesuit priest and the founder of Homeboy Industries, the largest gang intervention organization in the world. His previous book, Tattoos on the Heart: the power of boundless compassion, describes the struggles that greeted him in his first parish, the poorest in Los Angeles, and the beginnings of Homeboy Industries. This book is more a homily on kinship. It is Boyle's contention that kinship is the ultimate expression of the teachings of Jesus. Boyle uses the teachings of Buddha, the words of the Dali Lama - with whom he has a personal relationship and a thread around his wrist given him by the Dali - and the lessons presented in the Gospels. Preaching is noticeably absent in this book but examples of kinship are abundant. To Boyle's way of thinking, we are never so great as when we are humble enough to embrace those who, at first glance, inspire fear or some form of disapproval. These are the people who are already alienated from the general family of man and those most in need of reuniting with that family. Boyle firmly believes that humans born to poverty, violence, abuse, and the disapprobation of society in general are those most in need of our kinship. There are many little stories in this book to illustrate his beliefs. Most of them are humorous. Some of his stories are tragic. He has buried 220 people with whom he has had some contact. There are failures to match his successes, but the effort never falters. Read Tattoos on the Heart, watch his Ted Talk, read this book, then, take a chance on a fellow human being. What shall we do when we see the sick, the poor, the starving, the naked, the stranger, the prisoner? The answer to those questions can be found in the Gosple of Matthew 25:40: "And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, In as much as you have done it unto one of the least of these, my brethren, ye have done it unto me." Kinship.
Bayer Laboratories not only developed aspirin, but synthesized an English doctor's discovery of a property of opium and called it heroin. By the late 1890's Bayer was marketing it as a non-addictive treatment for asthma, bronchitis, and tuberculosis. Heroin was touted as suitable for treatment of baby colic, colds, influenza, and joint pain in general. It was also a remarkable cure for alcoholism and morphine abuse. By 1924 the manufacture of heroin was outlawed. Skip to 1996 to hear that Purdue Pharma had developed a compound that was an opioid-delivery system, which if taken as "prescribed, the risk of addiction...is one-half of one percent." OxyContin, the name of the new pharmaceutical panacea, became the latest miracle drug for the treatment of pain. Over the next twenty years it was the leading character in a deadly drama that has taken the lives of hundreds of thousands of our fellow citizens. The epidemic began in the hills of West Virginia where unemployment was high and hopes were low, and the population was not highly regarded. OxyContin was paid for through government medical programs, as well as regular insurance programs. Abuse of the drug was nearly instantaneous. As the availability of the manufactured drugs decreased through loss of benefits, a replacement drug was needed. The problem was centered on the problem of what to do when your prescription ran out and you were still sick. Well, heroin, our old friend from yesteryear, was readily available and a good deal cheaper. As fentanyl came to be included in heroin as a "booster," the death toll began to rise. The reaction of Purdue Pharma, in particular, and governmental bureaucracy, in general, is as shameful a tale as can be imagined. Purdue, being a privately held company, was immune from snooping into it's profitability but the Sackler brothers, and their descendants, who own the company are regularly listed as multi-billionaires on the Forbes list. Their denials of culpability in the marketing and promotion of OxyContin are breathtaking. The ineptitude of the government to acknowledge there was even a problem is perhaps more believable. It is, after all, the government. The struggles of concerned citizens who lost loved ones to addiction, suicides and the hopeless lives of the addicted are heartbreaking. This is a story that needs to be read. It is being told, and this book is a good place to start. In 2016, the latest year statistics are available, some 42,000 drug related deaths involved some form of opioid. That would indicate that half way through 2017, we lost as many citizens in a year and a half as we lost in ten plus years of combat in Vietnam. We just cut our losses and came home from that war. If this current struggle with opioids can be called a war - and it should be - where can we go? It's happening in our home.

This book is about two American young men, Travis Manion and Brendan Looney, who find themselves caught up in the chaos of the world after 9/11. One became an officer of Marines and the other a Navy SEAL. They became friends at The Naval Academy and continued their friendship after they graduated. They were accepted into each other's families as brothers. They were fierce competitors and drove each other relentlessly to be stronger and faster than they were the day before. Duty, honor and service to country were the watchwords of their lives. Both had multiple deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan. One became a husband, the other a beloved uncle. Both men came from strong families who loved and supported their sons. This is a book about courage, duty, sacrifice and love. This is a book about the 1% of American families who have members in the armed services at any given time, and would be illuminating to the other 99%. Marine Lieutenant Travis Manion was killed on April 29, 2007 by a sniper in Al Anbar province, Iraq. He had responded to a question about re-deployment, and his answer was, "If not me, who?" He was buried near his Pennsylvania hometown at the request of his mother. 1st Lieutenant Brendan Looney was killed September 21, 2010 in a helicopter crash on a mission in Afghanistan. The families of these two brothers, not blood brothers, but something more, decided that they should spend eternity next to each other. That is where you can find them, brothers forever, in Section 60 at Arlington National Cemetery. 

Central Florida was a fertile environment for the abuse of minorities by men of wealth and power in the Jim Crow era, and well beyond. Gilbert King has written two books about this time and both take place in one particular area of Florida. Lake County, Florida and it's long term Sheriff Willis McCall featured prominently in both books. The first, Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshal, the Groveland Boys and the Dawn of a New America was a Pulitzer Prize winner in 2013. Beneath a Restless Sun takes place a decade or so after the the events in the first but are no less distressing for the intervening years. This is a book that is very difficult to read, in part because it is not ancient history. It happened in the Eisenhower era. It concerns the rape of a white woman. She was the wife of a well to do man who is very involved in the social and political life of a small agricultural community. The first response of the local law enforcement authority (Sheriff Willis McCall) is to round up as many local colored men as can be readily found. Many are apprehended and most are eventually released, but not all. Suddenly, authorities are looking for a white suspect and they find one: Jessie Daniels. Jessie is well known locally. He is a teenager. He is a casual laborer around town. He is not in school. He is mentally retarded. He is arrested. He spends the next 14 years in a mental institution having never been to trial or convicted. The hero of this sordid tale is Mable Norris, a small newspaper owner and reporter. She senses that the "facts" being presented by the legal community are less than truthful or believable. She stays with the story for the next 14 years and is there when Jesse is finally released from durance vile and is able to celebrate with him. Heroic relentlessness and overwhelming obfuscation are the heart of this book. The major players of this book are all dead, but their legacies live on.

Long story short: The USS Indianapolis, a heavy cruiser made in New Jersey and launched in 1932, delivered the heart of the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima to Tinian Island in July 1945. After that delivery she sailed for Leyte. She was torpedoed and sunk on the night of July 30th. Of the 1,196 men aboard that night, 317 survived after spending 4 days adrift in the Philippine Sea before being rescued. That is the greatest number of deaths from a single vessel in the history of the U.S. Navy. The long story has much more to offer. The Indianapolis was a storied veteran of war in the Pacific. She was in California for repairs from a kamikaze attack near Okinawa when she was called upon to deliver the atomic bomb. With repairs not completed and manned by a largely untested crew, she departed for the war zone again. That mission accomplished, she set sail for the Philippines. At this point, Murphy's Law rears it's ugly head and a long list of seemingly minor events begin to occur that result in the Navy's completely losing a heavy cruiser, not knowing it was sunk at all, never mind where. The survivors are discovered by a seagoing miracle. After the survivors, including the Captain, are rescued the Navy begins to try to find someone to blame for this tragedy. This will become the pinnacle of CYA in action, from Admiral King on down. Captain McVey is faulted for the loss of his ship, which means he is at fault for the loss of his men. Even the Commander of the Japanese submarine who sunk the Indianapolis is brought to the US to testify. There is a happy ending, of sorts, but it doesn't take place until July of 2005.  The wreckage of the Indianapolis was discovered in 18,000 feet of water in 2017. This book does not read like history, it reads as a high class thriller. For those of you needing more information, I refer you to the movie, Jaws, and the story told by Quint, the boat captain. He was there.

For those of us who are neither perfectionists nor engineers, or for that matter, very thrilled with all of the aspects of the modern world, the very title of this book is not seductive, even a little bit. Except that an engineer friend of mine suggested it, not in this lifetime would I have have picked it up. I would have missed a very understandable (mostly) review of that precision which 21st century life demands. The stories that brought us from the creation of naval cannon accurate enough to hit another ship instead of the ocean that ship floated in, to the GPS system in your car or phone that allows you to travel the globe and arrive precisely at your destination are wonderfully interesting. Precision made the Industrial Revolution possible. It made the Model T possible. It makes it possible to design a clock that will neither gain nor lose a second in a billion years. Measurements of everything is what makes it all work. Want to know why Hubble needed corrective lenses? It's all here. One of the prime causes was the fact it was the low bid. The same worry that many astronauts face as the fire ignites beneath them. You will discover the history of the metric system of measurement, as well as what might be the reason it has been so soundly reviled as the replacement for our system of feet, inches, yards, ponds and tons. It was created by the French. This fascinating tale of precision is really worth the time...no matter if measured by the Grandfather clock in the hallway that must be wound and corrected in a daily basis or the time from the atomic clock in Colorado that automatically checks itself every 12 minutes to eliminate nanoseconds of error.

If you are not a fan of The Simpsons, you might want to take this time and do your nails because here there be yellow people. (You will find out why they are yellow.) Mike Reiss was one of a few comedy writers hired to work on a new animated show that the group figured would have a life expectancy of perhaps nine weeks. Thirty years later, a number of them are still employed by the show. It is, of course, The Simpsons. It is the longest running TV show in american history. No one seems to know exactly why this is, but there are many guesses out there. This book is the history of The Simpsons as told by one of the original writers. It is funny, informative, myth busting, funny, gossipy, and, did I mention, funny. I sort of knew that Sam Simon, one of the shows creators, had not been to "work" for years yet continued to receive a very healthy check on a regular basis. That is quite true, and the reasons why are revealed. There is much information about the cast who produce all of the voices heard on the show, as well as many of the guest star voices heard over the years. As is stated on the book jacket, you will find jokes, secrets and outright lies from a lifetime of writing for The Simpsons. Do you need to read this book? D'oh. (Correct spelling. Oxford English Dictionary got it wrong.) 

05-08-2018 The Sun Does Shine: how I found life and freedom on death row by Anthony Ray Hinton

It's a warm Saturday morning and you are just starting to mow your lawn, when two men come up the driveway and call out to you. You go to greet them and it turns out they are policemen arresting you for murder. You know you are innocent and this is a mistake that will be easily corrected. The night of the murder you were at work in a locked, guarded warehouse. Many witnesses. During your trial people will lie about you. Forensic evidence is badly bungled. The man who is supposed to be on your side in court turns out to be pals with the man who is trying to convict you. The jury says life without parole and the judge overrides that sentence and puts you on death row. You continue to paint the landscape of your innocence because you know this is a bad dream from which you will soon awake. What you don't know is that, in spite of your innocence, it will be thirty years before you once again breathe air outside of death row. Sounds like something by Franz Kafka? Just Alabama justice at work. This is a very disturbing book about the execution of the presumed guilty and the reluctance to come to terms with the notion that some of them may, in fact, be innocent. Ancient history, you wonder? Ray Hinton was released from death row in Holman State Prison on April 3, 2015 becoming the 152nd person freed from various death rows since 1983. There is much history in the story, however. Jim Crow, being both Black and poor in the justice system, and the operation of the justice system itself. The book is not all doom and gloom though, as it is subtitled, "How I Found Life and Freedom on Death Row." There is much to see of the resilience of the human spirit, the spirit of forgiveness and power of unconditional love.You will wonder how, but you will find the book has a mostly happy ending, which might be made happier if the state of Alabama would be inclined to compensate Mr. Hinton for his nearly 3 decades on death row. As of February of this year the Alabama legislature has fought off the idea of paying Mr. Hinton 1.5 million dollars for his time.

04-18-2018 The Year I was Peter the Great: Khrushchev, Stalin's ghost, and a young American in Russia by Marvin Kalb

This book is subtitle is key. In America, 1968 brought turmoil and tremendous change to our nation. In Russia it was 1956. There was no "summer of love" bringing their change; it was the speech delivered by Nikita Khrushchev on the morning of February 25th after the conclusion of the 20th Party Congress. In it he denounced Joseph Stalin as a criminal, a murderer and an enemy of the state and decreed that the Soviet Union needed to purge itself of the "personality cult" surrounding the former Chairman of the Communist Party. The Soviet Union was stunned, in disbelief, and at a loss about the future as well as the past. Think of America being told that George Washington was a secret agent of the British and that we were really still a colony of Great Britain. Marvin Kalb happened to be in Russia during that year and this book is his analysis of the turmoil, hopes, dreams, and ultimate despair of Russians as 1956 ended with the brutal crushing of the people of Hungary who thought that change had really come. If you are a Cold War veteran, you ought to find this book very illuminating. If you are wondering what is wrong with those Russians, that they can't see reason, this book offers a clue to the mindset of Russians who rule and are ruled. Kalb was a serious student of Russian history when he began his work as a translator for the State Department in Moscow. His experiences there as he navigated Russian bureaucracy and mingled with Soviet citizens, as well as his observations, make for very interesting reading. The book is short, to the point and another arrow in your brain quiver of stuff you know.

03-15-2018 The Language of Thorns: midnight tales and dangerous magic by Leigh Bardugo

Leigh Bardugo is a highly successful writer of fantasy novels for young adults. I am neither a young adult nor much of a reader of fantasy. I'm not sure what prompted me to pick up this book, perhaps it was something that went bump in the night. As I read this book, it occurred to me that we all were spoon fed fantasy as soon as someone began telling or reading to us the adventures of Hansel and Grettle or the hazards of swapping all of your money for a handful of beans. Fairy tales were our literary boot camp. This book is composed of 6 fairy tales for adults of any age. Think of "Beauty and the Beast" spiced liberally with "Scheherazade" and you will begin to see what Ms. Bardugo has in store for you. The writing is clean, elegant, and mesmerizing. You will recognize the stories being told but they are being told in a style unlikely to be old hat to you. I can't urge you enough to turn off the TV, send the kids to bed, take your favorite beverage to your favorite chair and settle in for an engaging evening of reading that begins with, "Once upon a time..." 

03-05-2018 My Lai: 1968, Vietnam, and the descent into darkness by Howard Jones
1968 is believed by many to be one of the watermark years in the history of  America. 1968 brought us the first flight of Boeing's 747 Jumbo Jet, a manned spaceship orbiting the moon for the first time, the assassinations of Martin and Bobby, and in Vietnam, the Tet Offensive and the My Lai massacre. Noted historian Howard Jones has carefully examined the massacre and the resulting ramifications on both personal and national scales. This is a very difficult book to read. It opens on March 16, 1968 the day the 3 platoons of Charlie Company, 1st Bn., 23rd IR, 11th Brigade, 23rd ID began an operation on a group of villages and hamlets  known collectively as "Pinkville" just south of Chu Lai, Vietnam. The 1st platoon of Charlie Co. was led by Lt. William Calley. By early afternoon the first platoon, along with other elements of Charlie Company would kill around 490 Vietnamese men women and children. The resulting vague Army investigations and apparent cover-ups only came to light in 1969 and then from no investigation but the tale told by soldiers who were there. The resulting investigations and trials would pour more gasoline on the fire of the  national agony that was Vietnam. The result of all of the trials (and there were several) was the conviction of Lt. Calley on several war crimes. He was sentenced to life in prison at hard labor. He served 3 1/2 years under house arrest and was pardoned in 1974. One of the major issues brought up at trial was the responsibility of superior officers for the actions and behavior of their troops. If Calley was convicted, would the blame for the actions of the 1st platoon rise up the chain of command. Historically, there was great cause for concern in officer country. It is referred to as the "Yamashita Principle." General Yamashita was the commander of Japanese troops in Manila during the battle for that city in 1945. The battle was liberally sprinkled with atrocities in which the General did not participate. He was hung for them anyway because it was the decision, finally, of the Supreme Court of The United States, that the behavior of his troops was his responsibility. All countries and armies- even the good guys- are in danger of harboring the next Lt Calley. When young, impressionable men are sent in harm's way, there is no way to see into the near future. The legacy of My Lai lives on, as one general before invading Kuwait in 1991 told his troops, "There will be no My Lais in my division."

12-19-2017 Beyond the Messy Truth: how we came apart, how we come together by Van Jones

A goodly number of people will see Van Jones' name and immediately form an opinion or come to a conclusion. He wishes you wouldn't. He is a progressive man with a law degree. He has serious problems with the Republican Party. To his credit he also has tremendous issues with the Democratic Party. He has no problems with Republicans or Democrats. he just wishes they would begin to talk to each other instead of pontificate. It is his wish that we would change the nature of the debate from, "I'm right and you're wrong," to something along the lines of, "We both want the same thing for our country: peace, prosperity, racial and religious harmony. How can we manage to work together to reach this common goal?" He takes both major political parties to task for abandoning their members and you will notice that is the majority of the nation's citizens. He has provocative ideas how we can become more civil in our discourse and productive in our efforts. Conservatives and liberals are chastised more or less equally, but he offers hope for a national renaissance that will propel this messy, difficult experiment that is America into a future that strengthens and expands the dream. The fact that Van Jones and Newt Gingrich were able to put aside their considerable differences and work closely and successfully together on a number of projects should lend some credence to his vision of a larger national discussion. Your ox may be gored as you read this book, but so is the other guy's; there is a first aid station in there for your ox as well.

11-22-2017 Thank You for Your Service by David Finkel

On Veteran's Day, I posted a note about Finkel's book, The Good Soldiers. It was an appropriate day for that. As we celebrate Thanksgiving, I feel a certain timeliness in penning this look at his follow up book, Thank You For Your Service. This book follows the lives of several of the men we first met while they were in combat in Iraq as elements of the "surge." While not all combat soldiers suffer the worst effects of PTSD, an alarming number of veterans from this war do. Combined with the devastation of TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) caused by improvised explosive devices, a prominent weapon used by the enemy and the "usual" difficulties of reentering stateside life, many of the veterans simply could not make the adjustment. To make matters worse, the VA had no comprehensive plan to deal with this type of wound and the army couldn't seem to shake loose the idea that these men were "non-hackers," not really warriors, and whiners undeserving of sympathy or treatment. A simple solution to the problem? Drugs, lots of drugs. Drugs for depression, drugs to go to sleep, drugs to wake up, drugs for lingering pain, and drugs for any other problem exhibited. Mental therapy, such was available, took many forms and widely varying duration. Long suffering wives were frequently left to their own devices during periods of treatment, increasing the stress level to the whole family. They had to manage the household, often without any money coming in from their warrior. They had to take care of the small children as well as the big one who was sometimes drunk, abusive, silent, screaming in the night and who often spoke of suicide. At one point during the writing of this book suicides were taking more of a death toll than the efforts of the enemy. Some of our characters got better, some not so much and a couple opted out...permanently. This aspect of these wars will last a great deal longer than the actual time of combat. These are the men who answered the call. These are the good soldiers whom we may never be able to sufficiently thank for their service.

11-11-2017 The Good Soldiers by David Finkel

It is fitting that I should finish this book on Veteran's Day as it is the story of an Army battalion's year being the spear point for the "surge" in Iraq. The author has done a brilliant job of following and reporting the activities of this unit, and it's commander, through the stages of deployment, combat, and the return home. No matter the reader's perspective about the war in general or the "surge" in particular, it is impossible to witness the stories of these soldiers with anything but awe for their fortitude, courage, and perseverance. Booby traps and mines have long been a component on the battlefield, but in this war they came to be the principal weapon used by the enemy. An axiom of war has always been that, while it is desirable to kill your enemy, in some ways it is better to wound him because of the time and effort expended by other soldiers to tend to the wounded. The damage done to the morale of the enemy is an added bonus. The devastation to those injured by IEDs far exceeded, generally, the injuries involved in small arms fire. In addition to the severity of the injuries, in many cases after an IED event there was no enemy to be seen. No chance to get some pay back. No chance to even the score. At the beginning of their tour, the commander resolved to have a Battalion run, wearing only PT clothes, through their area of responsibility. This event would be due to the resolve and courage of his men and the rightness of their cause. As it turned out, on their last day of conducting operations they would not be able to go down the main road in full combat gear. Their commander wanted no deaths or maimings on their last day in Baghdad Their goals remain unachieved, but they had answered their country's call. They were and are the good soldiers.

10-26-2017 What it is Like to go to War by Karl Marlantes

Karl Marlantes is a Marine combat veteran of the Vietnam war. He is also the author of Matterhorn: a novel of the Vietnam War, a highly acclaimed novel. It took him 30 years to write the book as it was as much therapy as literature. Matterhorn was cut from 1,600 pages to 600 before it went to press. This book goes 256 pages. It is Matterhorn minus the fiction. Since Vietnam, this country has conducted at least a dozen wars and is currently involved in a substantial way in at least two wars plus an unknown (to most citizens and, apparently many Congressmen) number of situations that are commonly thought of as "in harm's way." Marlantes states that, as a nation, we don't realize what we ask of our young men and women whom we send to other places to kill other people. He points out the disconnect between what most of us are taught about killing (anathema) and combat (kill as as many as you can) and the moral and/or religious stress that brings. Just as we care for the physical wounds suffered by our armed forces upon their return home, he maintains we need to be aware of and treat the wounds of their minds as well. Marlantes feels that the message of what mental wounds our soldiers are in danger of sustaining should be presented to the troops before leaving for combat. He acknowledges that 18 and 19 year olds are not given to introspection and they, of course, all feel they are 10 feet tall and bullet-proof, so training of this nature might be wasted at the time, but the lessons might kick in a bit later, after the battle. If war is made up of many complex parts, so is the warrior. Attention must be paid. There is a price paid by our warriors in wounds suffered and violence inflicted.

09-08-2017 Thank You for Being Late: an optimist's guide to thriving in the age of accelerations by Thomas L. Friedman

It does not take a Rhodes scholar or a poli-sci major to draw the conclusion that, to some degree or another, the world is going to hell in a hand basket. For those of us of a certain age, this comes as no major surprise, but what causes many of us considerable alarm is the fact that the skids beneath that hand basket have been liberally greased and the speed of said basket is getting to be breath-taking. This book posits the source of that grease to be technology, globalization, and climate change. Friedman talks about the change in the amount of time we have to accommodate ourselves to change. How long did it take our society to come to grips with the Model-T as opposed to how long we have to get our minds around robots with AI. Also featured prominently in this book is the issue of world population growth and the stress on the planet that is a direct result. That stress not only includes the issue of feeding all of those people, but the disruption to established social orders as a result of so many people fleeing their birthplace to avoid starving to death, enslavement, enforced military service, etc. The planet seems to becoming increasingly Balcanized. As Friedman continues to enumerate the ills we face as Earthlings, he concludes that a sizable problem is the change to the climate of the planet. He makes his case in a reasonable manner. After much prologue, he begins to outline his ideas on how the brakes on this hand basket can be applied. His solutions will outrage many on both sides of the aisle of dominant political thought. This is due, in large part, to his belief that doing the same failed thing over and over and expecting a different result really is insane. He relates some very engaging theories and success stories. Perhaps the major flaw in his proposed solutions is the requirement that more people- a lot more people- need to apply the Golden Rule to their lives. A frightfully challenging proposition to be sure, but consider the alternative. The one featured in headlines every day. Some readers will probably find much to disagree with here, but hopefully there will be a couple of "...ah ha" moments for them as well. Many will find most of it as "I knew that" stuff. 

08-31-2017 The Jersey Brothers: a missing naval officer in the Pacific and his family's quest to bring him home by Sally Mott Freeman

Part well researched history of WW II in the Pacific, part mystery story and part family history, this book is the story of three brothers from New Jersey who all joined the Navy and served as part of the war in the Pacific. One of the brothers was a gunnery officer on the aircraft carrier Enterprise, another was one of the chief officers in the "map room" in the White House, and one was assigned to a submarine tender. That assignment was made possible by the influence of one of the other brothers. That was done as a favor to the youngest brother. The down side to that assignment was that the submarine tender was stationed in Manila Bay on December 8th, 1941. The youngest brother became a prisoner of war in early 1942. The driving action of the book is the intense search for information about him over the next three and a half years. The story of each of the brothers still on active duty is compelling as they each conduct their piece of the war and the depiction of the mother of the three is what you would expect from a woman who has two sons serving and one son missing in action. That the Japanese were guilty of barbaric treatment of POWs is widely acknowledged, and it features prominently in this story. The mystery of the book is the manner in which the author (daughter of one of the brothers) weaves the tale of all of the boys, including the prisoner. Until the very end of the book, the outcome is in some doubt. There are some hints in the book as to the conclusion but you'll not hear them from me.

08-31-2017 Gabby: a story of courage and hope by Gabrielle Giffords and Mark Kelly

Regardless of your political persuasion, you should find this book inspiring. Most people are aware that U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords was shot in the head at a meet and greet for her constituents in Tucson, Arizona on January 8, 2011. Here is the story of what took place between that day, when she lay bleeding from a point blank gunshot wound to the head, and August 1st, a scant 7 months later, when she returned to Congress to cast her vote on a debt ceiling bill. The tale of her survival and rehabilitation is astounding. The conflict for her husband, Mark, between attending to her needs and preparing for the last flight of the space shuttle, Endeavor, is considerable. Not only must he decide whether to stay or go, NASA has a say in the decision as well. Will he be concentrating on this difficult mission or will he be distracted by thoughts of his grievously wounded wife? The tale of Gabby's life that led her to Congress is a compelling one; the tale of Gabby's life after January 8, 2011 is a heroic one. At no time is the shooter mentioned by name, and he plays no role in this book beyond his deed. There is no happy ending to this story because it is not over, but it shows every indication of being a miraculous tale.

08-29-2017 Reading with Patrick: a teacher, a student, and a life-changing friendship by Michelle Kuo

If you are, or have ever wondered about being a teacher, this book will show you some of the highs and the lows the job offers. It is the story of a young Chinese woman whose parents immigrated to this country from Taiwan in 1949. Like many immigrant parents, they labor long and hard to make sure the opportunities of this country are available to their child. They are less than thrilled when, after graduating from college, she chooses to teach at an all Black school in Helena, Arkansas. As she struggles to conduct learning in the chaos of the reality of the lives of her students - poverty, drugs, crime, racial and social inequality, and indifference to education in general - she becomes particularly drawn to one young man, Patrick. In him she sees something special and she works very hard to help him develop his innate gifts. It would seem that her labors are bearing some fruit, but the school is forced to close and her own life's goals drive her to leave the Delta after two years. She loses track of Patrick. The next she hears about him is his arrest for murder. How she reconnects with this young man and how they are able to continue his tragically interrupted education is the sweet spot of this book. Does this book have a happy ending? I suppose that depends on your definition of happy. Does this book make you wish you could be a teacher like this? To some degree, probably. Does this book make you think of a teacher that was a life-changing force in your life? It ought to.
08-17-2017 Hue 1968: a turning point of the American War in Vietnam by Mark Bowden
As of this writing, the Tet Offensive took place just a little shy of fifty years ago. The longest, bloodiest battle of that general offensive by the forces of North Vietnam was the battle for the ancient capitol of Vietnam, Hue. It was, in fact, the longest and bloodiest battle during our war in Vietnam. Bowden's research is extensive and includes interviews with participants on both sides of the battle. The lead up to the Tet offensive involved the infiltration of Viet Cong and regular NVA  troops into dozens of towns, hamlets and cities throughout Vietnam.This infiltration took place over a lengthy period of time and in small increments. General William Westmoreland and others at MACV Headquarters in Saigon took little note of this enemy activity in general and in I Corps (the northernmost section of Vietnam) in particular because Westmoreland was convinced that the big battle the North was evidently planning was going to be at the Marine outpost at Khe Sanh. On the 31st of January, 1968 approximately 100 towns and villages in Vietnam were attacked to one degree or another. At Hue, several thousand enemy soldiers occupied the entire city except for the MACV compound and an enclave of ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam). This was the beginning of a battle that would last three and a half weeks and take the lives of over 250 US Marines and soldiers and wound another 1500. Over 450 ARVN soldiers perished along with over 2700 wounded. The story line of the book is carefully plotted to include the actions of members of both sides. Away from the house-to-house street fighting, the tremendous destruction to Hue, the stench of rotting bodies and the exhaustion of Marines who were resigned to their deaths or maiming was the hubris that prevented the general staff from fully realizing that this was no mere firefight between squads or platoons but a meat grinder. This book is a testament to the courage and tenacity of US Marines, the Air Cav, the Vietnamese troops and the enemy. In the final battle analysis, the NVA and Viet Cong were defeated; on the other hand, Walter Cronkite was a visitor to Hue before the end and brought back to America his opinion that America needed to negotiate with the enemy "...not as victors, but as an honorable people who lived up to their pledge to defend democracy, and did the best they could." 

06-30-2017 The Prisoner in His Palace: Saddam Hussein, his American guards, and what history leaves unsaid by William Bardenwerper

This is the story of the group of U.S. Army MPs who are detailed to guard Saddam Hussein in the months leading up to to his trial and subsequent execution. Their attitudes about Saddam at the beginning of their association with him are no surprise. They think he is a monster who stands rightly accused of murdering his own people in both large and small numbers. He is guilty of bringing war to his neighbors, resulting in more than a million deaths. He spawned a monster more repellent than himself, his son Uday. Yet, they also, over time, discover him to be a man of wit, charm and generosity. At the end of their 6-month "tour" with him, they find it disquieting and disturbing to deliver him to his executioners.

06-30-2017 The South Side: a portrait of Chicago and American segregation by Natalie Y Moore

This author looks at the Windy City, which she claims is the poster city for racial dysfunction as it pertains to city policies and political structure. People of a certain age will remember Mayor Richard J. Daley and his behavior (and the behavior of his police force) during the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago. The political machine he inherited and passed  along to his successors was instrumental in maintaining segregationist policies concerning all aspects of city business. Moore makes the case reasonably and coherently, that Chicago can make itself into an exemplary showcase of social and economic integration. A major stumbling block is 400 years of inequality in the relationships between Black and White Americans. Apparently a couple of generations haven't quite overcome the toxicity of our history. 

06-30-2017 Not a Scientist: how politician mistake, misrepresent, and utterly mangle science by Dave Levitan

This is the last but, most likely book to elicit a chorus of gored oxes. Logical fallacies are the hallmark of non-scientists attempting to rebut scientific research and conclusions. You would be entirely correct in assuming "climate change" is prominently featured in this analysis but it is not the only area of scientific inquiry to be examined. "Legitimate rape" and GMOs have their moment in the spotlight. Each logical fallacy has it's own chapter and examples to go with it. Some examples are: The Butter-up and Undercut, The Ridicule and Dismiss, and The Blind Eye to Follow-up. Interesting stuff, but incendiary to some. Full disclosure - although Dave Levitan writes about science, he is not a scientist.

06-23-2017 Blood at the Root: a racial cleansing in America by Patrick Phillips

"Southern trees bear strange fruit, blood on the leaves and blood at the root." These lyrics are from a song first made famous by Billie Holiday in 1939. This book contains gruesome descriptions of lynchings in and around Forsyth County, Georgia in the first quarter of the 20th Century. The how and why some people were made into "strange fruit" is terrible to envision; it is too awful not to look at. It is the first cousin to the horrors waiting for the Jews of Europe. Forsyth County may or may not have been the most racist county in the state of Georgia, but it was a contender for the title. As the result of the rape of one of the white women in the the area, one black man was lynched and three others eventually were hung after having their day in court. Their day in a court was officiated over by whites, with an all white jury sitting in judgement, in the county seat of Forsyth County, Cumming, Georgia. This county would, over the next few months, run every Black family out of the county. The night riders, who were the motivators for this exodus, were the good folk of the area who determined that their lives could be best lived by the total absence of "niggers"in their county. They accomplished their mission and so Forsyth County remained lily white until nearly the last decade of the 20th Century, nearly a generation removed from the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The story of Cumming, Georgia has changed a good deal from the days when the Sheriff was a member in good standing of the KKK and it was deadly dangerous to be Black and just passing through, but as we all know human nature is slow to change. For most people, the change in the racial temperament of Cumming is welcome. For many people, the idea that this attitude was alive and well in our day and age is astonishing. For all of the above this book is a close look at a painful part of the backstory of this country. Our backstory is not all this lurid but it is part of our history.

04-25-2017 Word by Word: the secret life of dictionaries by Kory Stamper

You are reading this on a library website, so it seems safe to say you are, at the very least, a fan of words. Some of you may even be passionate about the English language. Some of you might inhabit the netherworld of lexophiles or logophiles, but few of us, no matter the level of our love for the language, read dictionaries for entertainment or think much about them for that matter. After laughing your way through this book, you might be inclined to run right out and but a new copy of_________ (insert here the name of your favorite). You might want to hurry though. Dictionaries may be headed the way of the Passenger pigeon or the Dodo. Kory Stamper is a lexicographer at Merriam-Webster and a very witty one, to boot. Her take on the business of dictionaries is illuminating and her "war stories" are, in many instances, side splitting. For those of you who feel that people who use "decimate" to mean great harm or damage instead of the death of one out of ten of the enemy (newscasters the world over), or the word "irregardless" in any setting or circumstance will find no reason to triumphantly shout, "I told you so!!".There is, in fact, an entire chapter devoted to "irregardless." The definition of this blight on the soul of the language will be revealed. Stamper portrays the business of these wonderful collections of the language and the word history of speakers of English in an absolutely charming and humorous fashion. If you are numbered among those who feel that the computer age is as much a curse as a blessing, you could be a lexicographer. Just as brick and mortar bookstores have fallen victim the the ease of the internet, so have dictionaries and the people who edit them. Despite the fact I work for a library, I am suggesting it might not be the worst idea in the world to go buy this book so Kory and her beloved children don't end up in the sweatshop when Merriam-Webster succumbs to Google. In any event, absolutely do not miss the chapter, On Bad Words.

04-22-2017 Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamera, The Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the lies that led to Vietnam by H. R. McMaster

If, as was said by Georges Clemenceau, "War is too important to be left to the Generals," you will come away from this book thinking entrusting that supreme policy strategy to politicians is not the straight and true path to answering the question, "To whom do we leave it?" If you pay careful attention to the whole title of this book, you will  detect the course of commentary.  For the record, McMaster is the current National Security Advisor and portions of this book were included in his doctoral thesis. This book is heavily researched and, fortuitously enough, numerous pertinent documents were declassified at this time so there is a substantial amount of evidence to support his viewpoint. As easy as it is to boo and hiss the villain(s) it is kind of hard to find a hero to cheer in this drama. The book begins with a short summary of what JFK seemed to have in mind for Vietnam, as well as what other goals he may have had. With that in mind, we move to the post JFK White House and are introduced to those advisors LBJ chose to be his inner circle. There really was one and it was very small. The machinations of this crowd put them right up there with the Borgias for cold blooded intrigue. The time span of this book is between 1963 and 1965. During this time our commitment in Vietnam went from several thousands of advisors to near 100,000 soldiers, sailors, Marines and Air Force personnel, and hundreds of thousands more lined up and waiting in the pipeline for the just right political moment to arrive. General Wallace Greene, Commandant of the Marine Corps, stood alone when he said that the troop strength would need to be at least 500,000 men for at least 5 years to achieve military victory. A voice crying in the wilderness. If you are of such an age as I, you need to read this book to get an idea of what was really going on; if you are of a more tender age, you need to read this book because it is a cautionary tale. If you happen to have been there, then you really need to read this book. You think you had deep feelings for Robert McNamara before? You ain't seen nothin' yet.

01-29-2017 America's War for the Greator Middle East by Andrew J Bacevich

If history is written by the victors, then who will record the history of a conflict for which there are no apparent winners? Andrew Bacevich has taken it upon himself to examine the involvement of the United States in the conflict in the Greater Middle East beginning in 1979 with the overthrow of the Shah of Iran which led shortly thereafter to the failed attempt to free the prisoners from the American Embassy in Tehran. American involvement in this area continued without direct US military involvement, but plenty of behind the curtain machinations. until Operation Desert Storm 1990/1991. The American military presence in the Middle East has continued without pause since. To be sure, Bacevitch makes mention of all of the other ills afflicting the region: religious and tribal feuds hundreds of years old, European colonialism and it's aftermath, the disastrous breakup of the Ottoman Empire and it attendant Balfour Treaty. All of that is to set the stage for the direct American involvement. America's intentions seemed worthy- if not necessarily altruistic- but we never seemed to get the details right at all. We had plenty of military might, but what we had in incredible excess was hubris. America could never seem to get the idea that what we found desirable, instinctual and rewarding did not necessarily reflect the dreams and ideals of others. Bacevich takes us step by step through the last nearly 40 years and they are painful steps indeed. Obviously, he enjoys the luxury of hindsight, but many of deficiencies he notes of American policy were fairly evident in the early days of our efforts which makes one wonder why they still existed as late as last month. No American President escapes his scrutiny and none of them do very well. Since the end of the Cold War there has been the question, "What do we do with this hugely expensive military we have?"  You know the old saw, "When the only tool you have is a hammer, all problems look like nails." The Greater Middle East must have looked like a keg of nails and there are many carpenters still out there eager to pound them. Bacevich has some hard questions for America at the conclusion of this book. And like all hard questions, there are no easy answers.

01-16-2017 Whistlestop: my favorite stories from presidential campaign history by John Dickerson

It's a reasonable guess that any member of the voting public (and many who didn't take the time) if asked to describe the overall tenor of the recent race for the Oval Office, the response would probably be rather negative. It is also in the realm of probability that banner carriers of any of the people who had thrown their hat into the ring would call the contest along the lines of rigged, viscous, full of lies, dirty, hacked (or not) by Russians (a new entrant, possibly, into the political landscape) and a result left a bad taste in the mouths of many Americans who may or may not be calling for us to all get along. There is good news for almost all of us in this small, amusing book relating details of some elections held in this fair land that were much nastier than our recent donnybrook. Not only were some political horror shows of yesteryear uglier than ours, almost no one remembers the awful details. And this pertains not only to long ago slug-fests (Jefferson-Hamilton), to which there are no living witnesses, but more recent jousting(Reagan vs Ford vs Carter in 19800. I was alive and I thought I had paid attention because I know I voted, But I certainly don't remember all of the stuff Dickerson puts on the table. Mind you, Dickerson does not examine each election in our history- who knows, there might have been some that were all grown up and mature in their conduct. Dickerson is an entertaining writer who talks to the reader on occasion as if he were in the room with you. Breaking the 4th wall, as those in the theater would say, with very witty asides. It is a pleasant accompaniment to a look at the quadrennial blood sport that passes for politics in our fair land, the Presidential elections.

It is often said, "The poor will always be with you." This idea might be lifted  from Matthew, Mark, or John because what they said was slightly different and they had more to say after that part. That idea is hard to dispute, but if you walk that idea a little farther down the road to the place that says, "The poor have always been with you, and we planned it that way, and our grand experiment in the 'new world' would have been a resounding flop if we hadn't done it." Those words having been spoken (more or less) by our founding father's fathers. This idea is the crux of White Trash. When the boats carrying the old royalty and their friends to the new world were loaded, there were other boats full of "waste people" following their future masters closely. "Waste people" were just what they sounded like-landless, penniless, skill-less, drains on English society who would be able to "tote the barges and lift the bales" in the New World. For those among us descended from British royalty ( and who doesn't want the odd Duke or Earl in the family tree?) our ancestors were not, as a general rule, very nice to those beneath their station. For doubters among you, I refer you to Braveheart, Oliver, or the Outlander series by Flagstaff's own Dianna Gabaldon. Onward, but never upward, the dreary saga continues. After those inspiring works that began with, "When in the course of human events..." and "We the people..." there were some rather grand gaps between what it sounded like we were doing and what was actually happening. We all know that the 19th Amendment granting the vote to all women finally took place in 1920, but do we know that non-land owning men were denied the vote into the mid to late 1830s. It's easy to keep 'em down on the farm when they have virtually no opportunity to own a farm. I am going to conclude my notes prior to the start of the Civil War, but I assure you, Ms. Isenberg does not. She do carry on. The material is revealing, rather jaw dropping, rather sad. The book runs 321 pages, the notes 123. I'm inclined to think she didn't make it up. If you are from North Carolina and literate, you will howl at her treatment of the system in your state. Her main point is: we still have the problem and it shows no sign of going away. To paraphrase George Wallace from 1963," Plutocracy today... Plutocracy tomorrow... Plutocracy forever."
12-27-2016 Blood Brothers: the fatal relationship between Muhaamad Ali and Malcolm X by Randy Roberts and Johnny Smith

History has always held a tremendous fascination for me. History, in which I was an opinionated observer as it happened, is as much revelation as it is reading. Muhammad Ali, long ago named Cassius Clay, passed from this world on June 13th of this year. Malcolm X, once named Malcolm Little was shotgunned out of this world on February 21, 1965. At his death, the former was labeled by many as The Greatest; the latter was known as a radical hater of white people who preached racial separatism. What is not well known is the fact that for a period of time while Cassius Clay was striving to become the heavyweight boxing world champion and Malcolm X was the principle spokesman for Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam the two of them formed an intensely close bond. It was a bond that would prove a terrible trial for both men. The authors of this book have done a wonderful job of weaving the many threads of the lives of these two men, the tensions of the time- both national and international- and the world of sport. If you thought that because you were alive and sort of paying attention at the time you have a good grasp of all that transpired (that would describe me) I would urge you to rethink that attitude and read this book. It is a smooth read and a bit of an eye opener. For many, the notion that Malcolm X had come to the conclusion that being white did not equal being the devil and he had begun to work with the people surrounding Martin Luther King, who Malcolm had denigrated previously. When Muhammad Ali died, he was widely known as a humanitarian, philanthropist, and a worthy role model for people of any religious or political persuasion. An engaging point to ponder: when Cassius Clay changed his name to Muhammad Ali, it was greeted by howls of anger from every quarter and this was is 1964. Would he have the courage to make that name change in the atmosphere of 2016? In 1964 I didn't think of Ali as the greatest. In 2016 I was sad to see the passing of The Greatest. I was pretty sure over the years he had changed; I am positive I had.

11-26-2016 Altamont: the Rolling Stones, Hell's Angels, and the inside story of rock's darkest day by Joel Selvin

Disclaimer: When I finally became a fan of the British invasion, I was a Beatles fan, not a Rolling Stoner. Having said that, I confess I like the Rolling Stones. I do wonder if Mick Jagger, as he continues in his mid 70s to seek satisfaction, ever thinks back to that 1969 December in northern California when the summer of love began to grind to a halt on his watch, and, some would say, on his watch and his fault. Woodstock happened in August of that year, and the game was afoot to make a similar event happen on the west coast. The west coast was, after all, the birthplace of the peace, love, hope and dope era. It was the music scene that produced The Grateful Dead, Moby Grape and many others that provided the musical score to the revolution of American youth. The climax of this seemingly benign goal was to take place at a windy, chilly race track located east of San Francisco called the Altamont Speedway. Golden Gate Park was the first place chosen for this outdoor event but that was not to be. Sears Point Raceway was the second choice, but alas and alack, that was not to be either. Both locations lost, mostly, to the desire of the Stones (Mick Jagger) to get all of the money. Somewhere along the line, it was assumed that the Hell's Angels would provide security for the affair. The Altamont Speedway offered virtually nothing in the way of amenities for a gathering of this size. The local authorities, meager as they were, had no warning this event was going to take place. The nature of the drug scene was undergoing a dramatic change as well, with the hit or two of acid and a couple of joints, being replaced by speed laced LSD, heavy duty pharmaceuticals, all topped off with cheap red wine. All of the elements for a really bad outcome were in place and, lo and behold it came to pass. One person, under the influence of too much, drowned in a canal trying to get on the property; one person stabbed to death by a Hell's Angel; two people killed by a flying automobile while trying to go home; uncounted overdoses, assault victims and neighbors angered at the garbage left behind, all of these things and unpaid bills- unpaid to this day- make this a really engrossing tale. As you read, you might keep Sympathy for the Devil playing in the background...in this case he needs a little. 

11-04-2016 Thieves' Road: the Black Hills betrayal and Custer's path to Little Big Horn by Terry Mort

That unfortunate June 25, 1876 encounter between George Armstrong Custer, 262 men of the Seventh Cavalry and several thousand irate Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors did not occur in a vacuum. Perhaps Custer died for your sins, but that's a theological question best discussed elsewhere; it is an easier case to make that he died due to the national debt, the astonishing corruption of our government by the engine of Manifest Destiny, and the inclination of both sides to ignore both the letter and the spirit of the several treaties between the early inhabitants of the prairies and the "white eyes." And then the tale gets really convoluted.This book does not point a finger in any direction to explain the national or global forces at work on that fine day in June of 1876 when Custer's long locks left his head, but points many fingers in many directions to examine the forces at work that brought the 7th Cavalry to that day. This book primarily concerns itself with the exploratory journey of Custer into the Black Hills in the summer of 1874. The legality of this mission was somewhat suspect due to the fine print in the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie, but a loophole was found. The stated purpose of the expedition was rather benign; the sub-text concerned itself with gold, timber, agriculture and transportation. One motivation concerned itself with the severe depression of 1873 and America's adherence to the gold standard. Rumors of great amounts of gold in the Black Hills abounded and when traces of gold were found on Custer's expedition, the curtain began to fall on the lifestyle of the Plains Indians. Lakota Chief, Fast Bear is the one who called Custer's trail the "thieves road" and Terry Mort is the one who makes clear the reason this was an appropriate term. The writing is clear, not without a wry sense of humor, and engaging. As a side note, you will find that the legislators, and indeed the national government of that era, engaged in thievery that makes politicians of our day and age seem as angelic choir boys and girls. 

10-07-2016 Salmon Fishing in the Yemen by Paul Torday
One more in a long line of books I would never have read, save for a recommendation by a dear friend. Seriously, with a title like that, why would anyone feel compelled to peruse the drab little story between the covers? Another sad story in the annals of judging a book by it's cover. I am not a huge fan of British humor beyond Monty Python and The Benny Hill Show but this book is a glaring exception. The very funny story line concerns a very wealthy sheikh from Yemen who became a devoted salmon fly fisherman in the wilds of Scotland and he is dedicated to the idea that salmon can be introduced to the waterways of his homeland. Allowing, of course, for the considerable difference between the lush, waterlogged country of Robbie Burns and the rather dry Saudi Arabian Peninsula. (For those of you unfamiliar with the geography of Yemen, we will pause for a moment so you can Google it.) Money is no object in this mission so, needless to say, the project attracts all manner of hangers on, including the British government. Much of the book is presented via Emails between characters both loving and loathsome, or transcripts from government inquiries. There is love tender and love British style. Well, it's all British love but one is more heartwarming than the other. Through much dedicated work, both scientific and manual, the dream appears to be workable. And with that, I leave you to find "The End" on your own. I know that seems cruel, but I'm trying to teach you how to fish.
09-29-2016 I Will Always Write Back: how one letter changed two lives by Caitlin Alifrenka and Martin Ganda
If you thirst for a really great feel good book, have a swig of this one. We all, I'm sure, had a pen pal as an assignment or whim in our younger years and this is the tale of one of those 7th grade tasks that has lasted from 1997 to the present. The story is one of discovery, of curiosity, of learning, of discovering empathy, and finally of learning about family and personal love. Caitlin, the child of slightly upper middle class parents, writes a letter to Zimbabwe because it was the last country named on the list and it sounded crazy. Her letter ended up in the hands of Martin Ganda, a very bright but impoverished student in a small school in the land known not too long before as Rhodesia. Over the course of their correspondence, Caitlin learns that Martin, who she thought came from a family situation much like hers, lives in half of a one room house- to be generous- with his whole family of 5. Over the course of the book she learns the truth of his situation and sets out to do something about it. If, in the cynicism of your years, you have ever doubted the basic goodness of people, this will help you heal. If the only thing that has made you cry lately is the 2016 election season, this will make you cry for happy and that is a good thing.
In 1966, nine young men from Morenci, Arizona joined the United States Marines and went to San Diego for boot camp and eventually Vietnam. Eight of the nine were 1966 graduates of M.H.S. and one was a 1964 graduate. They were all friends. They were all from backgrounds that tended to be conservative, patriotic and far from affluent. Most of their families worked in the copper mine owned and operated by Phelps Dodge Corporation. In 1966 if you worked for Phelps Dodge, you worked for 26 days and were off 2. There was a company store, people lived in homes owned by the company and most "police officers" were security personnel from the mine. In many respects, Morenci was the town about which Tennessee Ernie Ford sang, " You load 16 tons, what do you get? Another day older and deeper in debt." By December of 1968 they were all home. Six of them were resting in the red clay of Morenci cemeteries; three were wondering why they had been spared. This book takes a close look at these Marines, six of whom would be forever young, and their environment and the state of the nation on whose behalf they traveled half way around the world to that place, and what the aftermath was like. There were other places that lost more of their young. One high school in Pennsylvania lost 54 over the course of the war and other small towns and their losses are mentioned but this is a competition that no one would want to win. This book is a close look at a piece of America's history and, perhaps, a cautionary tale as well.
09-26-2016 Earthbound Misfit by Jerry Foster
This book begins with a scene reminiscent of a western movie: a young, moderately handsome officer is having his epaulets torn off, his buttons cut from his uniform and his cavalry sword broken in half and tossed to the dusty parade ground. Silence reigns as the disgraced officer walks toward the open gate to the fort through a gauntlet of the backs of his former comrades. The gate swings shut. (Fade to black). This is pretty much how Jerry Foster's autobiography begins but his scene is his Dishonorable Discharge from The Marine Corps. That event will feature prominently in his life from that day forward. For Arizona natives or those who have been here long enough to merit some old timers status, the name Jerry Foster immediately calls up the face of helicopter news in the Valley of the Sun for many years. His story is a reflection of the growth of Arizona, from the mid 60's and beyond. Much of his story is amusing, and the names he brings forth are pioneers of television history in our state. The many stories found in this book are a lesson in Arizona history and portray a list of the who's who in our state. You will find at the end of the book sort of a moral to the story. It is a moral that would have saved Jerry a great deal of pain and personal misery had he known that earlier in his life. You know, just like the rest of us. If you want to fly high with Jerry for a while, this is a good trip.

08-16-2016 Grunt: the curious science of humans at war by Mary Roach

You wouldn't think a book dedicated to revealing the many facets of science involved in the Art of War, as described by Sun Tzu would be even a little funny, but you'd be wrong. Mary Roach has gone behind the scenes of many government departments and describes the functions, goals and many of their efforts, while quite serious in ambition, are highly amusing in practice. There is the chicken gun, a 60 foot long "gun" that shoots chickens at 400 miles an hour into airplane windscreens to measure potential damage from bird strikes. There is a section on the use of maggots on decaying wounds that will make you look at fly larvae in a new light as well as giving you the government code for ordering them should the need or desire arise. From that section she slides smoothly into the history of the development of stink bombs. Really. And much more potent than the ones you clever science types came up with in the high school chemistry lab. And for those of you who have issues with sleep patterns, you will feel liberated after you read about the attempts to regulate the sleep patterns of submarine crews who operate without benefit of that great body clock, the sun. There are ghastly sorts of things in here as well that I will not expand upon but if you are looking to develop a sense of humor akin to that of young people in harms way, you could do worse than this book. If you are (or were) a young person who has been in harms way, you will recognize the humor immediately.

08-06-2016 When Law was in the Holster: the frontier life of Bob Paul by John Boessenecker

The Sheriff of an Arizona county is embroiled in a contested election with charges of ballot rigging and bribery coming from both candidates' camps and political bosses on both sides are up to their necks in the charges and counter charges from all directions. Sound familiar? Something ripped out of today's headlines? Actually this little boiling pot was bubbling in 1886. Proving, once again, that political chicanery and intrigue is a long established tradition in our fair state. The incumbent sheriff in this drama is named Bob Paul and his story reads like fiction. He left his home in Lowell, Massachusetts at the ripe old age of 12 to become a cabin boy on a whaling ship that was setting out on a two year voyage. The adventurous tale of his life from that watery beginning to it's dusty conclusion in the desert of Pima County is nearly too outrageous to be true, but true it is. He was a miner, a 49er, and a lawman there as well. He was a contemporary of Wyatt Earp and knew him well in Tombstone when that famous gunfight took place in the vicinity of the O.K. Corral. The people who came before us were a hardy bunch and some of them tried to bring some sense of civilization to Arizona. That is still a work in progress but for an exciting ride in The Way-Back-Machine, this book is hard to beat.

08-02-2016 The Twelve and The City of Mirrors by Justin Cronin

Some time ago, I penned a few notes about a book called The Passage. It was the first volume of a post-apocalyptic trilogy that I sort of loosely compared to Stephen King's, The Stand. That comparison is still a fair one I think but Mr. Cronin had much more to say about his "end of civilization as we know it" tale. I found the second book, The Twelve to be kind of weak after the reasonably gripping 1st volume. It is an in-depth peek at the heart of the "disease" that has wiped out most of the population of the earth. The source of this malady (virulent vampireism) is, of course, a medical experiment gone terribly wrong involving 12 condemned criminals. (12- get it?) Much attention is also paid to our band of humans as they adapt to living under conditions vastly different from the good old days. They also scatter and become a bit hard to keep track of. If you hang through all of this and get to volume three you done good and The City of Mirrors does much to bring all of the threads together and sets the stage for the grand struggle by the final players from both sides of good and evil. If you have a certain desire to immerse yourself in epic stories and have lots of time on your hands, I  think you might have a nice trip with these three.

07-27-2016 In the Kingdom of Ice: the grand and terrible voyage of the USS Jeannette by Hampton Sides

This book was thrust upon me by a friend and I was less than thrilled. Disastrous arctic expeditions didn't interest me in the slightest. Add another to the lengthy list of mistakes I have made in my life- literary and otherwise. This book is riveting from it's opening pages. The first fact the reader needs to absorb is the incredible geographic ignorance mankind had about our little blue marble in the middle of the 18th century. Upon reflection that should come as no surprise but as citizens of our times we make assumptions that don't acknowledge the idea that there was a time before satellites and instant communication. The theories concerning the nature of earth above the 80th parallel at that time are pretty funny from our vantage but at then, who knew? Nobody. The cast of characters (and I mean characters) in this book is astonishing; the fabulously wealthy owner of the Herald newspaper, who footed the bill, James Gordon Bennett, Jr. who sponsored Stanley's journey to find Livingstone (who wasn't lost) to the huge benefit of his newspaper, to the brave and stalwart Captain of our brave ship, George Washington De Long. Have I mentioned this book is a narrative of the grand and terrible voyage of the USS Jeannette and the search for the answers to the mysteries of the North Pole? Well it is, and before you are finished you will have a touch of frostbite and a huge respect for the astonishing bravery and endurance of the crew of the Jeannette and other courageous souls who challenged the kingdom of ice.

06-27-2016 Empire of the Summber Moon: Quanah Parker and the rise and fall of the Comanches, the most powerful Indian trib in American history by S. C. Gwynne

For me a summer of Cowboys and Indians. The latest historic read has been about the Comanche Indians and their place in the history of the American West. The central figure is Quanah Parker, the last and really only chief of all Comanche bands. There had never been such a person prior to Quanah, and ever after that person would be called Chairman. It was ironic that the last great leader of the Comanches, the man who brought them to the reservations after a long personal history of killing white people was, himself, a half-breed. The history of the Comanches prior to the time of Quanah is another tale of perfidious white eyes who were bound and determined to settle the west no matter how many of the original inhabitants they had to kill in order to expropriate the land upon which they lived. The land occupied by the Comanches- most of Texas, and chunks of neighboring states as well- was very lightly inhabited by settlers for many years because the Rangers, the army, and local volunteers were unable to stop the raids and attacks by the warriors acknowledged to be the finest armed cavalry in the world. Being a settler in Texas was more hazardous than cigarettes in that the only smoking you might do would be as you were slowly roasted over a small fire. The Comanches were not signatory to the Geneva Convention...nor for that matter were the white guys they fought. The author seems to have been meticulous about his research but this is no coldly objective read. The author has his favorites and you don't need a Comanche moon to see who they are.

06-20-2016 Texas Rander: the epic life of Frank Hamer, the man who killed Bonnie and Clyde by John Bossenecker

This book is the story of Frank Hamer (Hay-mer), the long-time Texas Ranger who led the investigation to locate and then kill Bonnie and Clyde. Interestingly enough, this was not the high point of his career. Hamer's career with the Rangers began in the early years of the 20th century and continued into the late 1940s. Texas was a wild place in those years and resisted mightily the notion that a new century might require different skills and behaviors. Lynchings were common place, government corruption at all levels was the reward for public service, and the worth of certain segments of society- anyone not a WASP- was not questioned, it was simply denied. It was in this exciting soup that our Ranger toiled  for many years. By all accounts he was brave, honest, and felt that everyone regardless of race, creed or color was entitled to the same brand of justice and would knock you out if you gave him a hard time. He absolutely hated lynchings and, in a number of epic confrontations with lynch mobs, only lost one prisoner to a lynching and that was when the mob burned down the courthouse. One of the stories that might be of particular interest to people of a certain age-you know who you are- is the story of how he was chosen to take a role in a voter fraud investigation. As you might well guess voter fraud was a time honored Texas tradition. This particular fraud, and it has been pretty much proven to be the truth, involved the closest senatorial primary race in the history of the country between a  former Texas governor and a young, upstart Texan named Lyndon Baines Johnson. Johnson, and those who supported him, stole that 1948 senatorial election and we all know how and where that ended. A lot of history here about a man, a state, and a social order, but no boring history.

06-17-2016 Redemption Road by John Hart

Not a new author but new to me and am now looking to catch up on his work. This story is intricate without being the tangled mess of say, "Game of Thrones." The story revolves around a former police officer being released from a brutal prison. He may have been innocent of the crime that sent him there. He is closely associated with another police officer who is being harshly judged by the brutal execution by gunfire of two hideous miscreants who had brutalized a sweet young girl for a lengthy period of time. You would think that the punishment fit the crime but this is America and nothing is that simple. Throw in a beyond shady prison warden and his goons and the possibility of betrayal in high places all wrapped up in a writing style that makes you impatient to turn the page and that is this book. If you are a person who relishes the thrill in thrillers, then I suspect you will enjoy a ride down Redemption Road.

06-11-2016 The Apache Wars: the hunt for Geronimo, the Apache Kid, and the captive boy who started the longest war in American history by Paul Andrew Hutton

The many different tribes, clans and splinter groups of the people known popularly as Apaches kept the lands of southwestern New Mexico, southeastern Arizona and north central Mexico as free of settlers, pioneers, soldiers, and other non-Apaches as they could manage. By and large they did an excellent job of making a naturally inhospitable land even more perilous. The author of this book maintains that the Apache Wars made up the longest conflict in American history. He contends that it began in earnest in 1861, lasted until 1890 and was precipitated by the kidnapping of one child who later came to be known as Mickey Free. Make no mistake this book is a history, but many of us saw it on the sliver screens in our younger years (If our younger years encompassed the era of Cowboy and Indian offerings from Hollywood). This time in the history of our nation is replete with example after example of broken treaties, amoral, thieving Indian agents, greedy white men, noble savages and bitter battles. These themes existed both on and off screen. This book prefaces the war years with a generous bit of background on all sides of the conflict and then takes the reader on an incredible journey around Apacheria. The distances traveled by people on foot, horse or mule is staggering. The book has maps and you will be astounded at the distances traveled. We would be reluctant to do it in our air conditioned autos. I urge people who would be more knowledgeable about this chunk of God-forsaken desert that we have chosen to call home, to read this book. I would also urge that people who have dropped a buck or two in a reservation casino to think of your loss as karma, or, if you'd rather, payback.

06-06-2016 The Narrow Road to the Deep North by Richard Flanagan

This is a hard book to read. The difficulties lie in both the principal event of the book and the book itself. In the end, the treatment of the event- the awful story of the railway built by the Japanese with the labor of captive civilians and the prisoners of war that had the misfortune to surrender to the Japanese- is masterfully handled. The details of the lives of the prisoners and their Japanese wardens is appalling in it's depravity.The characters are vivid and believable. It will make you look at the rugged heroism of Alec Guinness and the tidiness of his surroundings in a different light. It is the brilliant depiction of the characters during this brutal ordeal that made me like them enough to read the book. The manner in which they deal with the adversity of their lives is a mark of human triumph to which we all should aspire. For me, the first part of the book made me think about putting it down. I am delighted that I did not do so. The part of the book that is not directly about the railroad didn't give me much reason to be sympathetic toward our characters. I wouldn't presume to see into the mind of a person who has been through something like that but that doesn't stop me from having negative feelings about bad behavior. All in all, Flanagan has some important things to say and says them well. Just be aware that there be some ruts and rocks in that narrow road.

05-11-2016 These is My Words by Nancy E Turner

Sometimes you miss the Grand Opening. I missed the one for this book by nearly 20 years. It didn't appear on my radar screen until a year or so ago and, I confess it, I dismissed it as chick lit (get the torches and pitchforks) and now that I have read it I can come right out and say it. This book is chick lit- Laura Ingalls with a razor edge and something of a temper. This is the diary of a pioneer woman in the last two decades of the 19th century struggling to settle the Arizona territory. The book is complete with Apaches, the cavalry, desperados, trainrobbers, rattlesnakes, and true love. How can it miss? The story takes place in Arizona Territory south and east of Tucson. Part of the storyconcerns the last gasp raids of Geronimo. The interest to me lay in the fact that my grandfather was alive and living in this area at the time. The background this book provides, gives me a whole new way of looking at what a part of my grandpa's life might have been like. I assure you that our forbearers were made of sterner stuff than we are. The literary style of the book is of a woman who is extremely intelligent, but unschooled. That changes as the book goes from year to year. It is an unusual writing style but one quickly becomes comfortable with it. If you too have missed the Grand Opening of this book, I urge you to come late to the party.

05-11-2016 And Then All Hell Broke Loose: Two Decades in the Middle East by Richard Engel

Richard Engle first went to the Middle East in 1996 to fulfill his childhood dream of being a journalist. In the ensuing years he covered all of the major stories in that region. When he began, all of the "monsters," as he called them, were still in place and seemingly in for the long haul. The "monsters" had names like Hosni Mubarak, Saddam Hussein, and Mu'ammar Gadhafi. They and their "monster" peers had a fierce grip on the reins of power in the region. The only country in the neighborhood that was anything other than a dictatorship was Israel. Israel stood alone in many other respects as well. Engle covered the stories of the region, large and small over the years and came to know the players and the drama of the region quite well. In the fall of 2001 stories from the Middle East took on a new and terrifying importance. Towers fell, armies invaded, the Arab spring turned into the cruelest month of all, and centuries of history provided the news headlines of the 21st century. This book provides a brief history of this region of the world and the nature of the roles that today's players are acting out. Engle fell in love with the area in his early years and is obviously distressed at the current state of affairs affecting the region and the larger world as well. He is generous with the blame for this mess. Some is directed at the US but by no means all. His finger pointing seems to be bi-partisan in nature. The administrations of our present leader and his predecessor are both taken to task for different reasons. He covers much ground and arrives at the unhappy conclusion that hell will be breaking loose for years to come.

04-23-2016 Psychological Nudity by Michael Savage

I never figured out the genesis of the title, which is only a part of what I don't understand about this book. I am told that Michael Savage is a radio talk show host of some renown. At this point I will exclaim that I do not listen to talk radio of any political bent. I find talk radio bereft of empirical facts, and, as entertainment, thin soup indeed. End of rant and editorial section of this note. I didn't care much for this book, not because of Mr. Savage’s points of view, but because of the delivery. He may well be one of the top talents in his field, but his field is the spoken word and sometimes the spoken word suffers in the transformation to the page. The book is a series of one and two page "stories." Some of them have very promising possibilities but he never seems to get them all the way there. Here's the deal: if you're a Michael Savage fan and you've got this far, I expect you'll be happy with it. Maybe it would go over better to me as an audio book.

04-18-2016 The German War: A Nation Under Arms 1939-1945 Citizens and Soldiers by Nicholas Stargardt

It would be facetious of me to say that reading this book is nearly as difficult as combat at Stalingrad, but in a literary sense, not too far off the mark. The intent of the author is to examine the idea that the atrocities and nightmarish behavior of the Germans toward the peoples of Europe could be solely laid at the feet of the hard core Nazis in general and the SS in particular. The author's conclusion is that very few Germans can escape some share of the blame. Stargardt examines military and civil records that the Germans meticulously kept and preserved. He brings the reader to the conclusion that the extermination of  the majority of the Jews of Europe plus millions of other "social undesirables", Russian prisoners of war, millions of Ukrainians who miraculously escaped Joseph Stalin's attempts to eradicate them, and various and sundry groups of people who happened to be in the way of the Third Reich could not have been accomplished without the active participation of common German civilians and many members of the Wehrmacht - the regular German armed services. There was an evil genius to the propaganda that was the backbone of the Nazi movement. It played on the basic anti-Semitism of Europeans (which is not to say Europeans were alone in this prejudice, then or now), the supremacy of the "race" of the Germanic tribes, and the need to spread their values far and wide. The refusal of the Nazis to surrender when all was lost in late 1944 and into '45 can be found not in military actions but in the output of their propaganda machine which, unlike the armament factories, never ceased to produce. This is a very meticulous, well researched and highly detailed book. Right on the edge of too much, perhaps.

 04-09-2016 Where It Hurts by Reed Farrel Coleman

I just started reading this book without examining the "Also by..." page and later discovered that I had read and enjoyed several books by this author. But, not the same way I liked this book. The pain is apparent from the beginning. Gus Murphy, our miserable hero and former cop, works in a kind of flea bag, not quite at the bottom motel as a van driver/bouncer/house detective where he has plenty of time to swim in his misery. His misery has to do with the sudden death of a son, the not so sudden death of his marriage, and the seeming slide into the dark side by his daughter. The course of his life begins to change with a visit by a loser that he used to arrest when he was a cop. The loser’s problem has to do with the murder of his son. Gus throws him out. Humanity ensues after the murder of this loser. Then it gets complicated. Then it gets violent. Then, if you're like me, you start reading madly to get to the end. And a very satisfying end it is. Then I looked at the page that says "also by..." and realized that I've always liked this guy. Just maybe not this much. "Where It Hurts" hurts all over. I had no idea that Mike Hammer and "I, the Jury" could ever be beat down so completely. That hurts.

03-25-2016 Humans of New York: Stories by Brandon Stanton

I first saw "Humans of New York" (no stories) while working the front desk at the library. It was a book of pictures taken of random New Yorkers with an occasional blurb from the subject or from the photographer about the subject. It was a very pleasant, amusing, and, at times, are you kidding me look at some citizens of the Big Apple. I know for some of us in flyover country, humans and New York placed in juxtaposition may be a foreign concept. But amazingly enough it is true. Stanton knew right away that a version of his first work but with more stories would be needed. And here it is. Some of the stories that go with the pictures are only a few words long and others are a bit longer. I have always been a sucker for books full of pictures of people. How many of you remember "The Family of Man?” Raise your hands. I nearly wore out my copy of it. Here is the 21st Century version of that book only on a smaller scale. It won't take long to go through the book...once. This is a wonderful opportunity to look at some of our space partners and just marvel at their uniqueness.

03-24-2016 The Passage by Justin Cronin

"The Stand" may not be Stephen King's best novel, but it is my favorite. I love a good post-apocalyptic bedtime story. "The Passage" should rest very comfortably next to it on the bookshelf. Flu in one and contagious vampire-ism in the other. In general, I am not a big vampire fan but was more than delighted to make an exception in this case. The story had my attention pretty much from the beginning. I found myself wondering if I was reading the same story after a while, but my doubt was resolved quickly when the story dramatically increased in scope. We have good guys, really good guys as well as their counterparts on the dark side. We have babies being born and entire communities disappearing. We have your basic journey in search of answers or redemption, or a Circle K that still has ice cream. Some of you who are crazy fans of "The Stand" might want to cry foul at the closeness of parts of the storyline here, but, if Cronin was influenced in some manner by "The Stand", he does it no disservice and it is different enough to deserve no further comment from me. It is a hefty work so set aside more than an evening to get through it. You will want to keep the lights on at night and if someone starts tearing off their clothes in front of you, it might not mean what you first think it does, you devil, you.

02-16-2016 The Speechwriter: a Brief Education in Politics by Barton Swaim

In this already lengthy and seemingly endless election cycle this is not a bad book to read. It is a memoir of a speechwriter for South Carolina Governor Mark Sandford. You know, the one who gave "hiking The Appalachian Trail" a whole new meaning. The book does deal with that embarrassment but it mostly depicts the work done by speechwriters in politics in general. The words that come from the mouths of our elected leaders are not necessarily their own and the letter to the editor singing the praises of that leader you just read may come from the office of that politician without anyone being the wiser. Have you written the Governor a letter to praise or to make a suggestion? Your reply is unlikely to have been written by him and the chances that he read it are pretty slim. This book deals with the governorship of Mark Sandford but the larger point seems to be that his is not an unusual story and the fact that he was caught in an illicit relationship does not change the narrative. He is not the first public servant discovered to be violating public and private trust and when all is said and done, it seems to be all about them. Swaim quotes an excerpt from Catherine Zucker's essay, "Tom Sawyer: Potential President."

"People like Tom Sawyer serve others not for the sake of the others, they serve because they glory in receiving glory...We should reward such people with the fame they so desire- if and when they perform real public services. But we should not trust them." Too cynical? Maybe, maybe not.

02-12-2016 Black Man in a White Coat: a Doctor's Reflections on Race and Medicine by Damon Tweedy, MD

In a country with no shortage of hot buttons, push the Race Button and the "Obamacare" button and afterburners ignite immediately. This book deals with those two issues, as well as a number of peripheral topics. The race issue begins at the beginning. Dr. Tweedy began his medical education at Duke University in the early nineties and attitudes carrying the whiff of Jim Crow North Carolina were still very evident. The body of the book concerns his experiences and interactions with medical personnel as well as patients. During his education as he began to treat patients, he couldn't help but recognize the cultural and socioeconomic environment that contributed to the sorry health habits and status of large numbers of Black citizens. He is candid about the self-destructive attitudes of many black people about health and health care. He is very forthcoming in examining his own biases and prejudices and he had a number. The redeeming quality of this book, besides his observations about people, medical inequities, health problems, some sort of national access to health care, and personal responsibility in all of these areas, are his proposed solutions. None of them are terribly original, but they hang together well and have the perspective of a man who served in the trenches of this particular war. It takes a while to warm up to the author but he becomes a more likable person as the story progresses. There are many people who are sick and tired of all aspects of this debate, but hating the problem will not make it go away or solve it.

02-11-2016 Ardennes 1944: the Battle of the Bulge by Antony Beevor

The Generals were clawing, scratching, kicking and biting each other while struggling to place the knife where it would do the most harm. And these were the Generals ostensibly fighting the Germans. You know, the good guys, our Generals. This family squabble might have been amusing, in a Three Stooges way, but for the bloody fight going on that would be known as, The Battle of the Bulge. This book examines the planning on the part of Adolf Hitler, the unpreparedness of the allied forces, the savagery of the combat, the pitiful plight of the civilians and the atrocities committed by soldiers on both sides. The chaos of the battle was accompanied by freezing rain, sleet, snow and the coldest temperatures in many years. Most nonfatal wounds were from frostbite and trench foot. It was impossible to dig a foxhole in frozen, thick rooted ground so many frozen corpses were used as sand bags. Many movies have been made of bits and pieces of this battle: "To Hell and Back" starring Audie Murphy as himself. The young Henry Kissinger was here, Earnest Hemingway, Kurt Vonnegut, Captain Dick Winters of "Band of Brother's" fame and, of course, "The Battle of the Bulge" with Henry Fonda. The major problem I had with the book is maps. There were many but they were all over and I have only so many fingers to mark places with while I read. If I had one I would have pinned it to the wall so I could keep track of all of the players. This book is a testament to the fortitude of the common soldiers on both sides and will make you really glad you weren't there. If you were...thank you.

02-03-2016 Inside ISIS: the Brutal Rise of a Terrorist Army by Benjamin Hall

Writing about ISIS is becoming quite a cottage industry and here is another example. In general, most works are broken into a scholarly approach and an anecdotal style. This book seems to be much more of the latter but its author has spent much time in the region over the years so his treatment of the issue must be given some credence. His assessment of the history and future direction of ISIS falls into the same general view as others who have written about the group. That is to say, from a rather accidental genesis, ISIS has grown in size, influence and viciousnes and shows few signs of going away. Mr. Hall is not an unbiased reporter but his observations of the internal workings of Middle Eastern countries and their competing religious goals seem to be very plausible and accurate. The incredible mess that is the Middle East has many players, feuds several hundred years old, clashing agendas from all over the world and instant accessibility via the internet. Hall's suggestion that it will be an effort whose length will be measured in generations to try and bring stability to the region is probably accurate. He also indicates that the US must be a major player in the struggle. He seems to disregard America's apparent inability to sustain conflicts for more than a decade. Excepting the one between our political parties.

01-28-2016 The Balfour Declaration: the Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict by Jonathan Schneer

The body of the Balfour Declaration consists of one sentence 168 words long. Not all of the words are big ones; there are a number of prepositions and articles. The intended and unintended consequences of those 168 words would, and have, filled volumes. They have and continue to fill cemeteries in many nations of the world. In the days when the sun never set on the British Empire, arrogance shone just as brightly on Old Blighty. During the awful days of the great slaughter known as WW I, the Ottoman Empire, after much deliberating, became an ally of the Germans. After that fact, the Muslims of the Ottoman Empire called for jihad against the British and their allies. This made the British very nervous. Sounding familiar? In order to avoid that possibility, the English enlisted Arabs who were disenchanted with the rule imposed by Constantinople and agreed to aid in British efforts to defeat the Turks. Remember Lawrence of Arabia? This is where that movie started. How do we get the Arabs on our side? Promise them a bunch of land after the war. That land includes a strip of desert called Palestine. How do we keep the French happy and involved in the slaughter? Promise them a bunch of land that include Syria and that little patch called Palestine. How do we insure that the international money and organization of the Jews will remain on our side? Promise them access to the Holy Land. How do the British maintain that mighty Empire? Make sure they will be administrators of that tiny piece of earth. These events are worthy of a Masterpiece Theater that the BBC will never undertake. This book reveals amazing stuff. It is very much a cloak and dagger book. The actions of our cousins from across the sea, bearing the white man's burden, while cloaked in duplicity, sliding the dagger into friend and foe alike, most generally in the back. Those wounds continue to seep blood 100 years later.

01-05-2016 Clash of Eagles by Alan Smale

Clash of something. This book revises history and makes some up. Normally this is nothing but a sign of a creative mind at work and that is the case here but there is something about the presentation I found a little off-putting. The premise of the tale is pretty cool: the New World has come to the attention of the not declined or fallen Roman Empire and the 33rd Roman Legion is here to do what Rome was famous for doing. They will kill a lot of people, enslave a bunch more, and then make the survivors into taxpayers. Surprise! The Romans get their butts kicked by a very technologically advanced bunch of Indians and only one Italian is left to tell the tale. Coincidentally, the remaining Roman is the boss. The remainder of the book (most of it) is an attempt to blend the industrial expertise of Rome with the technology of the Indians which turns out to be a version of flight. By and large it is an interesting, mostly entertaining read but as I alluded earlier, I was uneasy with the author as author. It seemed he advances his characters by fits and starts and it would have been kind of him to include some sketches of the living environment of the Indians. By all means read it for yourself but before you do, go to the ether and find out something about Cahokia. It won't hurt.

01-04-2016 Last Bus for Wisdom by Ivan Doig

Ivan Doig died last year and that's a shame, in part, because I had just discovered him. He leaves an extensive body of work but there could have been more. This particular book takes place in the early '50s and is the tale of an 11 year old boy sent to live with distant, barely known relatives while his grandmother undergoes some never named surgery for female issues. He is sent from the wilds of Montana to the far-off land of Michigan. He discovers that the aunt to whom he has been sent is not that Kate Smith. Not only does she not sing "God Bless America" she manages to hit all of the wrong notes with our young traveler, Donal. Crisis ensues. Aunt sends Donal back to Montana where his grandmother is recovering from surgery and is unable to care for him. All he sees in his future are orphanages and foster homes. He is joined in this journey by Aunt Kate's long suffering partner Herman the German. Much adventure, suspense, and fun stuff ensues. This book is character driven and the characters are all what we would call "characters." Happy ending? You bet.  Feel good when you're done? You bet. Worth the time? Totally, including the time you spend Googling "horse driven hay stacker" prior to opening the book.

12-30-2015 The Rent Collector by Camron Steve Wright

I had problems with this book. I didn't like the cover and the premise seemed too lame for words. After I brought it home, it gathered dust as I read more appealing titles. I renewed it once and it was coming due for another and I held my nose and began to read. For a bit, I could see no reason to alter my attitude and then, change my attitude I did. In the end, this book provided much joy and laughter. If you love the written word and the magic of literature, then this is a book you will want to read. It does take place in the largest garbage dump in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and it does involve a person who collects the rent from people who live in the dump's squalor and there is much to arouse outrage at the desperate lives they lead. There is also much cause for rejoicing: the universality of hope, the love of mothers, and the power of the written word. There is much to pick at in the book and frustrated English majors will make much of its imperfections, but they need to remember that the joy derived from a book is its true measure of goodness. This book brings much pleasure and reminds word lovers why they have a library card. 

12-26-2015 A More Perfect Union:what we the people can do to protect our constitutional liberties by Ben Carson, MD and Candy Carson

This book is, mostly, a quick review for some and an enlightening exposure to some others of the Constitution of these here United States. Dr. Carson and his wife present a small book that presents a brief overview of the founding father's vision of how this country ought to function. Beginning with, "We the People..." and going right on to Congress cannot vote itself a big, old fat pay raise in the middle of the night (27th Amendment). Dr. and Mrs. Carson arrive at some conclusions that approximately 1/2 of the voting population would enthusiastically support and the other 1/2 enthusiastically question, but their treatment of the ins and outs of this document are presented in an enlightened and intelligent fashion. This book, if properly embraced, could make a citizen almost as sharp as any newly naturalized citizen. They have to take a test on it that many voters would be hard pressed to pass. Good job, Ben!

12-13-2016 On Combat: The psychology and physiology of deadly conflict in war and in peace by Lt. Col. Dave Grossman

This book should be required reading for all of you pistol packin' mommas and poppas out there. Col. Grossman is a combat veteran and warrior trainer. He works extensively with the FBI, the military, as well as many police forces around the country. His bona fides seem substantial and his approach to the intricacies of combat, both psychological and physiological, are spot on. His examination of the physical aspects of the human organism during combat are eye opening, and his observations on the stresses the mind endures are astonishing. The training required to be an automatic warrior runs into the hundreds if not thousands of hours and many, many rounds down range. He touches on many topics in the book including his take on the impact of video shooting games on the youth of the world. If you think that these games do nothing good for our youth, you will find him largely in agreement. He will also outline how it is not so unusual to understand why a young man was shot 16 times. Nothing to do with the rightness or wrongness of the act, just the sheer volume of fire involved. There are many, many parts to being a sheep dog as opposed to a sheep and not many who are willing to accept the mission. The upshot of it all is that once you think of lifting that firearm everything that follows is way more involved than just pulling the trigger.

11-10-2015 Zinky Boys: Soviet Voices from Afghanistan by Sveltana Alexievich

The zinky boys were the returning sons of Russia who came home from Afghanistan in coffins lined with zinc. Afghanistan has been called Russia's Vietnam and after reading this book, that comparison seems accurate. There are some aspects that seem different. The government of the Soviet Union apparently lied to the public more than the government of the United States did, but both kept sending young men into harm's way for questionable causes. This book is a compilation of letters, and stories from survivors or the kin of the dead. Their tales reflect the story of the Universal Soldier. Some of you may be of an age to remember that song from Donovan, and it is an oversimplification of the problem, but the sentiment is sincere...in the Age of Aquarius fashion of the mid-sixties. November 11 will be appropriate to honor the Zinky Boys as well as our own veterans. In fact, it would be a good day to honor the Universal Soldier.